Thoracic Surgery

Thoracic surgery is the treatment of diseases and injuries of the heart, lungs, mediastinum, esophagus, chest wall, diaphragm, and great vessels.

Thoracic Surgery encompasses the operative, perioperative, and surgical critical care of patients with acquired and congenital pathologic conditions within the chest. Included is the surgical repair of heart lesions, and congenital and acquired conditions of the coronary arteries, valves, and myocardium. The specialty also includes the management of pathologic conditions of the lung, esophagus and chest wall, abnormalities of the great vessels, tumors of the mediastinum, and diseases of the diaphragm and pericardium. Management of the airway and injuries to the chest are also within the scope of the specialty.

Also included are congenital and acquired lesions (including infections, trauma, tumors, and metabolic disorders) of both the heart and blood vessels in the thorax, as well as diseases involving the lungs, pleura, chest wall, mediastinum, esophagus, and diaphragm. In addition, the ability to establish a precise diagnosis, an essential step toward proper therapy, requires familiarity with diagnostic procedures such as cardiac catheterization, angiography, electrocardiography, imaging techniques, endoscopy, tissue biopsy, and biologic and biochemical tests appropriate to thoracic diseases.

What diseases do our Thoracic Surgeons treat?
Thoracic surgeons operate on diseases that occur in the organs inside the chest, and in the bony structures and tissues that form the chest cavity. General thoracic surgeons treat a lot of lung cancer and diseases of the esophagus. Listed below are some examples of diseases treated by thoracic surgeons.

  • Lung cancer
  • Severe emphysema
  • Cancer of the esophagus
  • Mesothelioma
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pleural Effusion
  • Empyema
  • Chest wall deformities or injuries

What kind of operations do our Thoracic Surgeons do?

  • Removal of portion(s) of the lung containing cancer, eg, wedge resection, lobectomy, pneumonectomy
  • Thoracoscopy or VATS
  • Removal of a portion of the esophagus containing cancer and reconstruction of the gastrointestinal tract or esophagogastrectomy
  • Biopsy or removal of other tumors/masses in the chest
  • Repair, remodeling or reconstruction of the chest wall or sternum